Vitamins and Minerals & Cardiovascular Health

Cardiovascular Disease:

Evidence suggested that high blood cholesterol levels increase the risk for heart disease. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Hypertension, myocardial infarction and strokes are one of the main concerns in the Public Health along with the current obesity epidemic. The dietary factor that directly target the progression of the CVD was found on the framework for modern nutritional epidemiology research [1].  The study was based on most Western diets that consist on refined starch, sugars and saturated fat intake like artificial syrups, sodas, sugary cereals, white rice, bread and white pasta. Saturated fat foods like fatty beef, lamb, pork, butter, cream and cheese. From a chemical standpoint, saturated fats are simply fat molecules that have no double bonds between carbon molecules and they are solid at room temperature [1] The analysis showed after compering the same number of calories from unsaturated fats and replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fats, monounsaturated fats and carbohydrates from whole grains, a significant reduction in cardiovascular risk [1].
Intervention in reduction of risk the recommendations are, to used daily consumption of greens (green vegetables, all raw vegetables) beans, legumes, fresh or frozen whole fruits with no added sugar, nuts, seeds and whole grains. And minimized the consumption of refine grain, vegetable oils, and process foods [2]. Choose fat-free or low-fat dairy products at minimum. Instead of butter, margarine and shortening use monounsaturated oils olive, canola and peanut. Eat fish that have omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon and trout. Choosing disease-fighting foods. Eat at least four servings of vegetables a day, vegetables are loaded with vitamins and minerals, contain fiber, have no cholesterol and are low in fat and calories. [2]. Produce contains nutrients such as potassium, antioxidants that may protect against stroke and heart attack [2]
Carbohydrate recommendations: Use complex Carbohydrates like, legumes, starchy vegetables and whole-grain and fiber. Whole grains contain the entire grain; this includes whole wheat, oats, rye, barley, corn, brown rice, wild rice, buckwheat, triticale, bulgur, millet, quinoa and sorghum [2]. Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats are all macronutrients that could be part of a balance diet.

By Monica Medina-Dobbs, MS. Clinical Nutrition  

1.         Yu E, Rimm E, Manson J, et al. Diet, Lifestyle, Biomarkers, Genetic Factors, and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in the Nurses' Health Studies. American Journal Of Public Health [serial online]. September 2016;106(9):1616-1623. Available from: OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson), Ipswich, MA. Accessed May 19, 2017.

2.         Sutliffe J, Fuhrman J, Peddy M, et al. Nutrient-dense, Plant-rich Dietary Intervention Effective at Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors for Worksites: A Pilot Study. Alternative Therapies In Health & Medicine [serial online]. September 2016;22(5):32-36. Available from: Alt HealthWatch, Ipswich, MA. Accessed May 19, 2017.


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